Nine condominiums and one residential lot are collaboratively investigating long-term, regional solutions to extreme beach erosion Kahana Bay, Maui. Representatives from each of these properties formed the Kahana Bay Steering Committee (KBSC) and contracted Oceanit to lead work on the project and write the draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Oceanit partnered with Planning Consultants Hawaii, LLC and Coastal Planners, Inc. on Maui, as well as other specialists to prepare deliverables, collaborate with the community, and conduct the studies required for the project to proceed to construction.
The full Draft Environmental Impact Statement can be found on the Hawaii Office of Environmental Quality Control website: http://oeqc2.doh.hawaii.gov/EA_EIS_Library/2021-04-23-MA-DEIS-Kahana-Bay-Erosion-Mitigation.pdf
Kahana Bay, Maui, is currently at an inflection point for mitigating natural hazard risks to public safety and developed infrastructure. For decades, sea level rise (SLR), strong wave action, coastal flooding, and shoreline development have transported sand and soils away from the Kahana coast. This chronic and episodic coastal erosion has resulted in shoreline recession; beach narrowing; loss of sandy beach area, continuous beach system, and sand dunes; a reduction in public access; and increased risk of natural hazards to people, oceanfront resources, buildings, infrastructure, and amenities.
In response to the increased coastal flooding, over the years, individual properties have installed a variety of shoreline protection structures, ranging from stone and concrete seawalls to vegetated sand berms and temporary sandbag revetments. Now, the KBSC and Oceanit have come together to find ways to manage coastal resources for generations to come. To protect the coastline, community, and public safety, it became apparent that a better way to address regional coastal erosion was through a community-driven approach, engaging many stakeholders across the properties, community, and nearby areas. The inclusion of environmental, cultural, and ocean users and stakeholders in the EIS process was paramount.
The EIS area covers approximately 3,700 ft of shoreline between Pōhaku Park and Kahana Stream and focuses on displacing previous reliance on individual emergency structures and parcel-by-parcel solutions. The overall purpose of the project is to develop a sustainable and resilient approach to regional erosion along the Kahana shoreline, including efforts to:
- Explore, develop, and encourage a cost-effective, regional erosion mitigation solution for the Kahana shoreline that will minimize impacts to the sensitive coastal environment and enhance nearshore habitat while protecting existing habitable structures;
- Restore and preserve the sandy beach and offshore resources for cultural, social, and recreational uses, including ocean sports, food gathering, and passive enjoyment;
- Encourage shoreline protection that is compatible with natural and existing site conditions;
- Establish a design based on accepted engineering principles and best management practices (BMPs);
- Propose a project that is compatible and consistent with Federal, State, and County regulations, policies, and plans; and
- Develop a sustainable and resilient solution that withstands projected SLR while minimizing environmental impacts of required maintenance.
Link to the full Draft Environmental Impact Statement on the Hawaii Office of Environmental Quality Control website: http://oeqc2.doh.hawaii.gov/EA_EIS_Library/2021-04-23-MA-DEIS-Kahana-Bay-Erosion-Mitigation.pdf
Comments on the DEIS can be mailed to [email protected]